Indians waste as much food as the whole of United Kingdom consumes, a staggering INR 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in our country. Approximately 40 per cent of India’s fresh fruit and vegetables are lost before reaching consumers because of poor storage, transport and distribution. 
Why is food wastage a problem?
- 25% of fresh water used to produce food is ultimately wasted, even as millions of people still don’t have access to drinking water.
- Indian food prices have risen at double-digit levels, pinching the budgets of many working-class urban families in a country where food still accounts for an average of 31 per cent of monthly household expenditure. This is the main cause of malnourishment-the number of people starving has increased by an alarming 65 million which is more than the population of France.
- 300 million barrels of oil are used to produce food that is ultimately wasted every year.
Two of the biggest contributors to food losses are the lack of refrigerated transport and the lack of high quality cold storage facilities for food manufacturers and food sellers.
How can food wastage be mitigated?
- Cold storages can be set up close to agricultural land which can help in increasing the shelf life significantly
- Development of an agile and reliable logistics system to ensure reduce in transit wastage
- Avoiding unnecessary disposal of food on the basis of just color, appearance etc.
India has about 6300 cold storage facilities with the capacity of 30.11 million metric tons, which are only able to store about 10% of the country’s total perishable produce. It is estimated that India needs storage facilities for another staggering 370 million metric tons of perishable produce.
Cold chain can play a huge role in reducing food wastage. With investments in cold chain infrastructure, India’s food problems can reduce.